hacking-housing-pad HACKING HOUSING: PAD
Urbanism Law vs New approaches in architecture and lifestyles
Knowledge base project
hosted by @dcht00 / CHT Hackbase

This is the project's open knowledge base - read the manifesto first: 🔗hacking-housing𝌡!
Also see 🔗alike𝌡 for some interesting practising institutions.


Add new content anywhere (or at the end if unsure). --> [...]


https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Torre_de_David_-_Centro_Financiero_Confinanzas.jpg/800px-Torre_de_David_-_Centro_Financiero_Confinanzas.jpg

(This is Wiki🔗Centro_Financiero_Confinanzas, an occupied unfinished skyscraper project in Venezuela.)

Last updated:
    2015-09-07 start
    2016-01-19 remodel
    2016-12-06 remodel
    2017-10-10 cleanup
    2018-08-28 (import to new system)






BY LOCALITY

    Spain + Canary Islands

Read:
    * Guide to Building Construction in Spain -> http://spain.angloinfo.com/housing/buying-property/building-construction/
    * cadastre (land / zoning) info: http://visor.grafcan.es/visorweb/ 
    ____________ more
    * https://www1.sedecatastro.gob.es/CYCBienInmueble/OVCBusqueda.aspx
    * https://www1.sedecatastro.gob.es/ :
        #TODO - get identification !!!!!!
    * [...]

What to do if the Spanish police appears:
   * Be polite, talk with them, explain everything and ask all the doubts about what is possible to do and what not.
   * If they ask for identification, and you show it so that they note it, that may be a problem for you in the future.
     If you don't have your ID at the place, they can drive you to find it or to the police station, but most probably they won't bother, which means end of the problem.
     Only Spanish citizens that live in Spain must carry their ID always with them, as tourist you have the right to keep your ID in a safe place.


____________ 2018-12-03 notes

GRAVIZOR APP

using:
    * check "Leyenda"
    * click and you get specific info
    * next to the layer, you have "double cirlce", where you can set Opacity !
    ___________ TODO:
    * put stars on the map!
    * [...]

interesting views:
    * CATASTROS:
        a) catastro + orto express 50%
        b) mapa topografico integrado: shows more "legal houses" information ???

    * AGRICULTURA, ...:
        * Crop Map / Mapa de Cultivos:
            * Abandono Prolongado
            * Abandono Tunera \ Sin cultivos: "cactus that make fruits"
            * Tunera \ Frutales (with picon)
            * Millo
            * Viña
            * [...]
        * Corine Land Cover (1990-2000-2006):
            THIS IS PERFECT !
            Can show a historic process of land abandonment, for example as in 29,03381309|-13,68085468 !
            Great for arguing #legal !
        * Mapa de Vegetacion:
            * cht6b1:
                REAL = https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matorral :
                    Fisionomía:         MATORRALES | De sustitución | Comunidad nitrófila frutescente
                    Vegetación:         Chenoleoideo tomentosae-Salsoletum vermiculatae variante con Launaea arborescens
                    Nombre Común:         Matorral algoaera y matabrusca con ahulaga
                POTENCIAL =
                    Vegetación Potencial:
                        * (MORE BLACK BUT ABANDONED) Ahulagar en lapillis. Comunidad deLaunaea arborescens == "Ulaga land"
                        * (ERODED, ABANDONED, GROWN-OVER DESERT) Tabaibal dulce semiárido. Odontospermo-Euphorbio balsamiferae sigmetum aeonietosum lancerottensis
                        * [...]
            * [...]
        * [...]

    * CARACTERIZATION DEL SUELO:
        * DOC 1: METODOLOGY:
            * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/cmsgobcan/export/sites/agricultura/agricultura/galerias/doc/obrasRegadios/Metodologia-del-Mapa-de-Cultivos.pdf
            * 3.4.3. Técnica de cultivo: Abandono, Invernadero, Enarenado natural, Enarenado artificial, Jable, Gavia, Transformación, Otras técnicas.
            * [...]
        * DOC 2: MAS INFORMACION DE CONSEJERA:
            http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/agricultura/agricultura/temas/mapa_cultivos
            TODLL : .ZIP FILE - THERE IS "ESRI SHAPEFILE" [...]
        * DOC 3: Publication en BOC (legal book = Boletin de Canarias):
            * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/boc/2017/206/007.html
            * TODO: CHECK ALL THE LINKS !!!:
                * https://opendata.sitcan.es/ WHAT IS HERE?
                * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/istac/ = ISTAC (statistics institute)
                * [...]
            * TODO: A lot of stuff is in .SHP (Shapefile) ...:
                * How to open ??? Qgis??? #gis
                * QGIS CAN DO IT :
                    https://docs.qgis.org/2.8/en/docs/user_manual/working_with_vector/supported_data.html !
                    #workflow #gis
                * <-------------------- (now) >david
            * [...]
        ___________________________________________
        * Mapa de Ocupación de Suelo:
            * AGRICOLA
            * SUELO DESNUDO \ Mineral
            * URBANIZADO CONSTRUIDO:
                Residencial
                Espacios libres \ Jardines (cactus garden)
            * [...]
        * [...]

    ______________ to check
    * caracterization del suelo
    * [...]

________________________

open questions:
    * Is the "land type" (Crop Map) just a statistic, or does it have legal indication, or even consquence?
    * How do you change the crop type? If you want to grow something that needs SHADING, can you just do it?
    * Which crops are controlled here? Bamboo? Papaya? Marihuana? [...]
    * [...] 

________________________

>RIKI:
    * "minimum size is ~20m"
    * THE LAND OF GONZALO / RIKI:
        * 35029A030003350000HO
        * https://www1.sedecatastro.gob.es/CYCBienInmueble/OVCConCiud.aspx?del=35&mun=29&UrbRus=&RefC=35029A030003350000HO&Apenom=&esBice=&RCBice1=&RCBice2=&DenoBice=&latitud=&longitud=&gradoslat=&minlat=&seglat=&gradoslon=&minlon=&seglon=&x=&y=&huso=&tipoCoordenadas=
    * [...]

________________

Check further:
    * https://opendata.sitcan.es/dataset/eiel-unifica/resource/ec6e2c80-1416-4de6-9d0c-8fccb93ea47c
    * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/boc/2017/206/007.html
    * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/agricultura/agricultura/temas/mapa_cultivos
    * http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/istac/
    * [...]




    Slovenia

Meta:
    * by @dcht00
    * parts will start in Slovenian
    * stub as of Jan 2016


Projects:
    * cht.lj (2012)
    * [...]


Legal:
    * full list of laws:
        http://www.gu.gov.si/si/zakonodaja_in_dokumenti/

    * ZGO-1 ("Law on Building Objects") + bylaws:
        * http://www.gu.gov.si/si/zakonodaja_in_dokumenti/drugi_predpisi/zakon_o_graditvi_objektov/
        * @2 defines "Object" (fixed to ground, etc)
        * bylaws:
            * "Decree amending the Regulation on classification of construction with regard to their complexity" !!!!!:
                * http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=URED6200
                * zahteven / manj zahteven / nezahteven / enostaven
                * enostaven "ni namenjen bivanju":
                    * kaj je razlika med "namenjenostjo"?
                    * kaj sankcionira to tukaj, če kaj?
                * glej priloge, kjer so definicije teh objektov !!!!!
                * [...]
            * (nothing else important)
        * [...]

    * ZUreP-1 ("Spatial Management Act") + bylaws:
        * http://www.gu.gov.si/si/zakonodaja_in_dokumenti/drugi_predpisi/zakon_o_urejanju_prostora/
        * @2 defines "Space"
        * geodet plans, catastro
        * drinking water regulations
        * [...]


Statistical:
    * https://pxweb.stat.si/pxweb/Database/Dem_soc/Dem_soc.asp
    * https://www.stat.si/KrajevnaImena/Settlements/ByZeroPopulation
    * https://www.stat.si/KrajevnaImena/Settlements/ByRegion (+ sortiraj po št. prebivalcev + pregled po regijah + obrni vrstni red + 50)
    -----------------------
    This datasets could be used to develop a custom advanced tool for 🔗landsites𝌡 !


Groups:
    * https://www.facebook.com/groups/371540219623206/ ("Let's squat an abandoned village")
    * totalism.org active here, especially in Kranj, contact david@totalism.org !
    * also see 🔗slo-zadruge𝌡 (slovenia co-ops)
    * [...]

Open questions:
    * types of land
    * prices of land
    * draft project
    * climate stuff:
        * which places in Slovenia have survivable winters
        * how to survive the winters in other places (Primorska, etc)?
    * [...]




    Greece

TODO >michela !!
Projects:
    * ResidenceSEA

Coordinates:
    * there's an "island where you can build"
    * the ResidenSEA is right next to the ocean in a peculiar anthropocene/legality situation
    * tenant rights:
        * eviction in 1 year? advanced notices?
        * make modifications on the house + status of those?
    * [...]



    Netherlands

So:
    * squat + cyber wave of 90s
    * the laws changed: how and when exactly?
    * now a lot of anti-kraak
    * [...]



    United Kingdom

Squatting:
    * difference: residential vs corporate building
    * http://england.shelter.org.uk/get_advice/homelessness/homeless_and_on_the_streets/squatting
    * [...]

Also see:
    * http://england.shelter.org.uk/get_advice/sites_for_gypsies_and_travellers/unauthorised_sites
    * [...]



    Berlin, Germany

Connections:
    * ask @dcht00

Squats:
    * "there are no, 0, true squats in Berlin [...] all are legalised"
    * Kopi, [...]

Legal:
    * Berliner Linie law !:
        * http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=https%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBerliner_Linie&edit-text=&act=url
    * [...]



    Norway

Apparently you can free camp in Norway!

Also called:
    * "The Right to Access"
    * "Freedom to roam"
    * "Everyman's right"

Read:
    * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_to_roam
    * http://www.visitnorway.com/plan-your-trip/travel-tips/right-of-access/ <-- Norway
    * [...]






BY TYPOLOGY

    Type 1 Hackbase (Rented fluid apartment) <-- (CHT 2011-2014)

See 🔗hackbase-type1𝌡.


    Type 2 Hackbase (Permanently Temporary) <-- (CHT 2014-...)

See 🔗hackbase-type2𝌡 and 🔗base-eu𝌡 !


    Type 3 Hackbase (Subterranean Rural Base) <-- (Future CHT)

See 🔗hackbase-type3𝌡 !


    Squatting

Projects:
    * [point:alike\#squat]

Read:
    * http://www.minorcompositions.info/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/squattingineurope-web.pdf
    * (UK) http://squatting-manual.squat.net/manuals-sorted-per-country/uk/squatters-handbook/



    Pure Nomadism / "Permanently Temporary"

+michela

Concepts:
    * "Terra Nulius" (latin) Terra Nova (seafaring, "Newfoundland")
    * potentially legally still referenceable
    * "permanently temporary"
    * [...]



    Camper vans ("RVs") and "Harbours"

See 🔗trucko𝌡 !

In 2018, there is a new concept of "Harbours", see for example:
    https://wiki.hackerspaces.org/Instantcity



    River canal boats / barges

???



    Camping on top of buildings

???



    Free / Wild camping

???



    Containers

:
    * http://github.com/patcon/container-city/wiki/Notes !
    * http://www.instructables.com/id/How-To-Get-A-Shipping-Container/?ALLSTEPS
    * http://www.boxouse.com/blog 
    * [...]

Merge!!! dcht00🔗#container >david



    Geodesic domes & Hexayurts

https://buildwithhubs.co.uk/thekit.html
120 pounds free shipping ... doesn't look bad ?

hexayurts !!
build with 2x1 panels & heavy duty duct-tape
minimum cutting
different designs
tested a lot at burning man, etc!
http://hexayurt.com



    Yurts
:
    * https://joeyh.name/yurt/
    * http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Yurt.html
    * http://originalyurts.com/about-yurts/yurts-and-nomads/
    * unbuild / build https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uW-FRx1Pq2I

Materials used in traditional Mongolia:
    * wooden circular frame
    * felt cover (wool)

Materials used in modern version:
    * steam-bent wooden framing or metal framing
    * canvas or tarpaulin
    * Plexiglas dome
    * wire rope
    * or radiant insulation



    More!

:
    * http://wikihouse.cc
    * [...]





PEOPLE AND INSTITUTIONS

Please add yourself or people you know here.

:
    * David Potocnik (@dcht00) : started this doc, architecture theory/software (david@totalism.org)
    * Tim McCormick : 
    * Eric Hunting : http://wiki.p2pfoundation.net/Eric_Hunting 
    * Miloš Kosec : http://architectuul.com/architect/milos-kosec
    * http://twitter.com/KompaLaw : lawyer
    * SQEK: 🔗sqek-index𝌡
    * [...]

Also see:
    * 🔗alike𝌡





(meta)

Todo:
    * publish 🔗chtlj𝌡 !!!
    * merge in David's docs (#hackingh , ...)
    * [...]

How to format this research:
    * see 🔗e2h𝌡 !
    * option: host on sharewiki ?
    * maybe federated wiki http://fed.wiki.org/view/welcome-visitors ?

Next for format:
    * v2: restructure / merge both "Hacking housing" docs
    * v3: region + typology table / matrix!


    Related documents
:
    * 🔗hacking-housing𝌡
    * 🔗architecture𝌡
    * 🔗land-attributes𝌡 (stub!)
    * 🔗season4𝌡 <--- application of these principles to the CHT Hackbase
    * [...]





PAD

<-------------------------------------------------------- (new)

via http://blog.p2pfoundation.net/introducing-the-commoners-of-the-european-commons-assembly-madrid/2017/10/23 :
    * MINISTRY OF SPACE @Belgrade:
        Iva Cukic: Ministry of Space (Ministarstvo prostora) is a collective from Belgrade which was founded in 2011 with the aim of reflection on the future of cities. Their joint work was initially focused on the formal creation and defense of public and common space, using the DIY philosophy. This is a further incentive to the study of different approaches to urban development, cultural practices and interventions in cities, through a series of actions, exhibitions, workshops and public discussions.
    * [...]


#lol #detournment #squatting @SLO
http://www.24ur.com/novice/crna-kronika/foto-v-betonskem-stebru-gojil-konopljo.html


@UK #camping #legal
http://www.freedomcampingclub.org/campsite-startup.asp
"Freedom camping club are a fully certified exempted organisation and have legal powers to licence any piece of land deemed suitable for camping and caravanning to operate as a campsite. You don't need to apply for planning permission or a licence from your local authority and its a great way to get a small campsite running in areas where planning approval would not normally be given."
a bit like #CLT ?


Tiny house and Green house #live-in #research #textilefarming
PhD research from Svenja Keune https://www.instagram.com/textilefarming/
in Sweden


Fabship as " Off-grid maker spaces for a better world "  
http://fabship.cc/
derived from https://www.earthshipglobal.com/




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