ecology

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ECOLOGY
< RFC >

Revisions:
    201810xx start
    20190615 overview
    20190730 read +lies
    20191014 read & touch <pau
    20191021 meh ... +pau +david
    20191021 david overview
    20200918 ping


Table of Contents
1 *** BAD
1.1 * CO2 emissions
1.2 * Loss of biodiveristy due to habitat depletion
1.3 * MBBF (Multi Bread Basket Failure)
1.4 * Animal farming
1.5 * Coral Reef bleaching
1.6 * Palm oil
1.7 * Extraction of wildlife in primary forests: bushmeat, pelts, ivory, etc
1.8 * Toxic Pollution
1.9 * Losing control of Technology
1.10 * Invasive species (plants, animals, ...)
1.11 * Heatwaves & Widlfires
1.12 * Plastic packaging
1.13 * Systemic microplastics (in environment, food chains, etc)
1.14 * Plant diseases (and new spread vectors)
1.15 * Antibiotics & Antibiotic-resistent Bacteria
1.16 * Ice / glacier melting
1.17 * Light pollution
1.18 * Human "travel for fun"
1.19 * Changes in Ocean composition
1.20 * Polinators: Bees & Colony Collapse
1.21 * Human Overpopulation -> Resource Exhaustion
1.22 * Dumbass Megaprojects
1.23 * Bureocratic Rigidity
1.24 * Desertification
1.25 * Colonialism & Biotope collapse
2 *** CONTROVERSIAL
2.1 * nuclear energy
3 *** PERSONAL STRATEGIES
3.1 ... as consumer
3.1.1   (-) individual consumer choices
3.1.2   (+) finding, curating appropriate goods
3.2 ... as citizen
3.2.1   (~) voting
3.2.2   (+) strugling
3.2.3   (+) pushing pressure for legislation
3.3 ... (more !!!)
4 *** GOOD: STRATEGIC
4.1 * carbon sequestration
4.2 * rewilding / "ecopoesis" / tree planting / environment restoration / etc
4.3 * get reliable #numerics, and visualize / represent
4.4 * prioretize the struggles
4.5 * forge more than alliances ... consolidate struggles
4.6 * recycling / upcycling
4.7 * regenerative industries & farming
4.8 * co-habitation with wild animals
4.9 * renaturing seems to happen quickly ?!
5 *** ACTORS
6 *** PAD
6.1 (+) Ecotopia
6.2 (-) Apocalyptic sentiment ?
6.3 (?) horseshoe crab prospecting
6.4 Degrowth vs Post-growth
6.5 (+) pre-civ Japan, "food forests", etc
6.6 (+) orcas destroying boats, Spain making part of sea no-go


*** BAD


* CO2 emissions

Also see 🔗climate !

:
    * fossil fuel heating
    * cars:
        """Last month, 4x4s, or SUVs, became the most popular newly registered car type in Germany for the first time, with a market share of 22.2%. More than 1m sports utility vehicles are expected to be registered in Germany by the end of the year, with the average driver aged between 46 and 65."""
    * [...]

also non-human sources:
    * forest-fires
    * volcano eruptions
    * methane, via thawing ...
    * [...]



* Loss of biodiveristy due to habitat depletion

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/mar/05/a-fifth-of-europes-wood-beetles-at-risk-of-extinction-as-ancient-trees-decline





* MBBF (Multi Bread Basket Failure)

Part of 🔗season6-C research ...




* Animal farming

Also see XXX🔗farming and 🔗vegan !




* Coral Reef bleaching

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/oct/14/great-barrier-reef-corals-have-more-than-halved-in-past-25-years-study-shows

###




* Palm oil

* Almost everything contains it. It would be incredibly difficult to evade it.

* Why is it cheaper than the replacement? Only because it comes from the third world, and first-use soil [from destroyed habitats]?

* Dangers to habitats and endangered species, notably orangutans

* [...]




* Extraction of wildlife in primary forests: bushmeat, pelts, ivory, etc

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/19/worlds-mammals-being-eaten-into-extinction-report-warns
"""Bushmeat has long been a traditional source of food for many rural people, but as roads have been driven into remote areas, large-scale commercial hunting is leaving forests and other habitats devoid of wildlife. """
------------------------
"""
Macdonald said: “You have got to distinguish between those people who have no choice but to eat bushmeat, and what is to be done for them, and people now living in towns who have a nostalgic memory for the time when they lived on bushmeat, but no longer need to, so it is a luxury.
”""




* Toxic Pollution

* chemical waste
* nuclear waste
* oil spills
* [...]




* Losing control of Technology

Dangers:
    Biological, Chemical, Nuclear, ...

Scenarios:
    * runaway experiments
    * lost control of weaponry
    * [...]

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jul/16/pentagon-review-weaponised-ticks-lyme-disease




* Invasive species (plants, animals, ...)

"""
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
"""
= Need to be environment-destabilizing

List for Slovenia, via an article in a Kranj magazine):
    miscanthus sinensis (deco bog grass)
    solidago canadensis (yellow weeds)
    ambrosia artemisiifolia
    erigeron annuus (daisy like weeds)
    impatiens glandulifera (purple near-water, exploding seed pods!)
    aronia melanocarpa (edible but "astringent" tasting fruits) aka Black chokeberry
    aronia prunifolia
    fallopia japonica
    lycium barbarum .... goji berries? really?
    galega orientalis
    Paulownia tomentosa .... a tree

Also look at general topics !!!:
    * "invasive topologies / #molecules" : when species pair together:
        * capitalism + ambrosia (helps make surrounding areas to new development, also open up to development, as it turns them to shit)
        * rabbits + cats @lanzarote (rabbits have no predators, then cats step to profit, who are also invasive, killing birds)
        * [...]
    * good cases:
        * invasive plants as a generator of biomass for land regeneration
            ie. talks on "Food Forest project" from https://www.facebook.com/thesouthernlightsproject/
        * use of bamboo (non tracing root type) as a case for Lanza...
    * [...]




* Heatwaves & Widlfires

* environment collapse
* wildfires
* human suffering
* food spoilage !!:
    (david "salad" case)
* increased water use
* increased electricity use (AC cooling)
* [...]




* Plastic packaging

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/aug/22/tesco-promises-to-ban-brands-that-use-excessive-packaging
Recycling is not enough !

However, for example:
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-51040155
("Plastic packaging ban 'could harm environment'")




* Systemic microplastics (in environment, food chains, etc)

https://phys.org/news/2020-07-crop-microplastics.html

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/oct/16/plastic-waste-microfibers-california-study

###




* Plant diseases (and new spread vectors)

Like https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/09/deadly-olive-tree-disease-spreads-france :
    "It advised members of the public not to bring any plants back from certain infected areas of the EU and elsewhere “unless accompanied by a phytosanitary or plant passport”."




* Antibiotics & Antibiotic-resistent Bacteria

This could definitely lead to a dystopia :-/




* Ice / glacier melting

???:
    * where is all the ice
    * is it melting, or not? conflicting info from NASA
    * also see 🔗climate !

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/sep/15/tibetan-plateau-glacier-melt-ipcc-report-third-pole
3rd one ... 15% ... 1/4 melted since 1980

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/climate-change-breakdown-arctic-frost-thawing-canada-environment-a8959056.html
!!!

https://www.axios.com/arctic-melt-climate-change-canada-e83ec6a3-6061-402f-92c5-4c887aa603fb.html
"arctic melt in overdrive"




* Light pollution

Interfering with insects:
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/nov/22/light-pollution-insect-apocalypse




* Human "travel for fun"

Massive Attack & reconsideration of touring
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/nov/28/tour-world-massive-attack-band-climate




* Changes in Ocean composition

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/dec/07/oceans-losing-oxygen-at-unprecedented-rate-experts-warn
:
    * losing oxygen
    * overfishing
    * [...]




* Polinators: Bees & Colony Collapse

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/07/honeybees-deaths-almonds-hives-aoe
Almond milk industry & using bees in an industrial capacity.




* Human Overpopulation -> Resource Exhaustion

:
    * #unciv (mailing list) / #deciv
    * #degrowth
    * #36c3
    * https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jan/10/i-campaign-for-the-extinction-of-the-human-race-les-knight
    * [...]




* Dumbass Megaprojects

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/06/the-race-to-save-polesia-europes-secret-amazon-aoe




* Bureocratic Rigidity

https://www.businessinsider.fr/us/coronavirus-airlines-run-empty-ghost-flights-planes-passengers-outbreak-covid-2020-3




* Desertification

###




* Colonialism & Biotope collapse

https://daily.jstor.org/the-tainos-refused-to-grow-food-the-spanish-starved/



<----------------------------------- (new) BAD above







*** CONTROVERSIAL


* nuclear energy

See 🔗nuclear !

Nuclear seems to be an essential transitional technology.
Existing nuclear plants should not be taken out.








*** PERSONAL STRATEGIES

The personal is political ?

Different understandings ...



... as consumer

  (-) individual consumer choices

Sure, "green capitalism" and "prosumers" ...


  (+) finding, curating appropriate goods

Product & service replacements!

See 🔗lim0 !




... as citizen

  (~) voting

  (+) strugling
See 🔗struggling !

  (+) pushing pressure for legislation





... (more !!!)

TODO







*** GOOD: STRATEGIC


* carbon sequestration

photosynthesis : as strategy in agriculture: use the existng infrastructure
see 🔗farming-notes



* rewilding / "ecopoesis" / tree planting / environment restoration / etc

also:
    * "terraforming"
    * "greening"
    * "reversing desertification"
    * [...]

Pro:
    * https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jul/04/planting-billions-trees-best-tackle-climate-crisis-scientists-canopy-emissions

    * Uncivilisation Manifesto by Dark Mountain Project, 2010:
        "The end of the human race will be that it will eventually die of civilisation. — Ralph Waldo Emerson"
        "‘Few men realise,’ wrote Joseph Conrad in 1896, ‘that their life, the very essence of their character, their capabilities and their audacities, are only the expression of their belief in the safety of their surroundings.’
        "The myth of progress is founded on the myth of nature. The first tells us that we are destined for greatness; the second tells us that greatness is cost-free. Each is intimately bound up with the other.(...)The very fact that we have a word for ‘nature’ is evidence that we do not regard ourselves as part of it. "
        "nobody, in an age of ‘consumer choice’, wanted to be told by this stone-faced prophet of the California cliffs that "‘it is good for man … To know that his needs and nature are no more changed in fact in ten thousand years than the beaks of eagles.’  

For example:
    * Nomad Trees
        (2019-10) a newly-created collective in Greece of local permaculture actors
    * "ecopoesis" in Mars Trilogy (Kim Stanley Robinson)
    * [...]

_______________________

Contra / However:
    https://twitter.com/pepcanadell/status/1147066574299377664



* get reliable #numerics, and visualize / represent

see 🔗numerics, and 🔗representation.systems !



* prioretize the struggles

by:
    * knowledge commons ...
    * 🔗middlemachine
    * 🔗representation-systems
    * 🔗numerics
    * [...]



* forge more than alliances ... consolidate struggles

via 🔗intersub



* recycling / upcycling

:
    * transparency is important !:
        "I heard they all just put it on the same pile" and other myths
    * acknowledge limit to recycling
        (and limit liberal good feels)
    * build and represent integrated systems !

Notable cases:
    * glass
    * microelectronics
    * solar panels (and difficulty thereof) !
    * [...]



* regenerative industries & farming

see 🔗farming-notes



* co-habitation with wild animals

Slovenia:
    https://siol.net/novice/slovenija/napadi-volkov-so-se-okrepili-na-prizadeta-obmocja-prihaja-okoljski-minister-503945
    High number of Wolves & Bears
    Exporting to other countries (France)
    2019 a controversial year (emergency decretes mandating hunters to lower population)



* renaturing seems to happen quickly ?!

(coronavirus)

https://www.reddit.com/r/worldnews/comments/fj6kib/the_canals_of_venice_have_become_as_clear_as/




<----------------------------------- (new) STRATEGIC








*** ACTORS

* XR:
    * see 🔗XR
    * the story : https://rebellion.earth/the-truth/the-emergency/

* Youth for climate (thursday strikes etc)
* greenpeace
* sea shepherd
* Eko Krog
* WWF
* OXFAM ?
* UN: UNESCO
* UN: FAO?
* UN: ...
* UN Climate Summit, 2019-09-23, NY, an 18 month plan, see
* [...] !!!


Also consult:
    * 🔗alike
    * 🔗non-shitty
    * 2020-deadline; an 18 month plan
    * [...]







*** PAD


(+) Ecotopia

https://ler.letras.up.pt/uploads/ficheiros/3059.pdf
    "" ecocentrism,  sufficiency,  and embeddedness ""




(-) Apocalyptic sentiment ?

See XXX🔗doomsday 1




(?) horseshoe crab prospecting

(for vaccines)

https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/science-and-technology/2020/07/horseshoe-crab-blood-is-key-to-making-a-covid-19-vaccine-but-the?utm_source=upday&utm_medium=referral


Degrowth vs Post-growth

Both need to happen.
* Degrowth - in a sense of really contracting the economy - producing and consuming less. Making products last longer. More DIY - especially growing food, ecopoesis. Distributing things non-economically(?), (gift economy = not really an economy?), etc.
* Postgrowth - the metric, and catering to it needs to be abandoned. 



(+) pre-civ Japan, "food forests", etc

link to Daniel Niles's book !
(anthropocene campus)



(+) orcas destroying boats, Spain making part of sea no-go

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/sep/23/spain-bans-yachts-from-stretch-of-sea-after-orcas-damage-boats



<--------------------------------- ((new))


#hypertextile
BYSSUS - sea slik, made from mollusks
https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2019/nov/12/sea-silk-byssus-auction-textile-mollusks
>pau





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