< DRAFT+ >

    ______________ as garduino
    20200920 touch
    20200926 <burns
    ______________ as deserts
    xxxxxxxx - start
    20200504 - touch <L
    20201108 ping <D
    ______________ as merged
    20210903 overview:
        * renamed from "garduino" to "renaturing"
        * also merged in "deserts"
        * →PD+
    20220213 quick pass <D ....... →D+

Ties to:
    * #rewilding #greening
    * #gardening #agriculture #growing #planting
    _____________________ AUX / MERGE IN [!!*]
    * XXX🔗renaturing
    * 🔗farming
    * 🔗land-attributes
    * 🔗natural-resources
    * 🔗hacking-geology
    * 🔗ecology
    * 🔗canarias-nature
    * 🔗ArcologyBuilders
    * 🔗wild-food
    * ###

Table of Contents
1 (graph)
2.1 [!!*] transclude previous materials (fragments)
2.2 [!?] testcase @ ElJ Shanti town?
2.3 [!] find local carpenter (ask for sawdust, for hugelkultur)
2.4 [!!*] start off with sea salad
2.5 [?] @jablito : plant in riverbed
2.6 [!] create an aquifier
2.7 [!] do, document composting
2.8 [!] worms
2.9 [!] map out : local contacts / excursions
2.10 [!] abandoned tree mapping + harvesting
2.11 [!] guerilla gardening, seed bombing
2.12 [!] open source seeds
2.13 [!] hugelkultur
2.14 [!] greens growing inside supermarkets
2.15 Fire resistant forests?
2.16 Algae farming
2.17 "Brownfields" & complex regeneration
2.18 [!!eff] 101/GARDENING/POTS— Replanting used vegetables/fruits
4.2 Situation worldwide
4.3 Situation @ Canaries
4.4 Desert Control
4.5 * Hydroponics
4.5.1     (L:) Hanging Gardens
4.5.2     (L:) Micro Farms
4.6 * Drip irrigation
4.7 * Aritificial aquifiers
4.8 * Grazing
4.9 * Adding clay
4.9.1     Bentonite Clay
4.9.2     Kaolinite clay
4.9.3     Bentonite Vs. Kaolinite
4.9.4     Liquid clay
4.10 * Soilization via CMC
4.11 * Phytosociology / Phytocenology, Paleoecology
4.12 * Renaturing using herd animals #goats
4.13 * Microcontrollers, "autofarming", etc
5 *** PAD
5.1 [!!] MERGE/RAW— 20200926 <burns #permaculture
5.2 [!!] #tomerge
5.3 SITUATION / CRITERIA (for plants)
5.4 see: agroforestry / desert regeneration in Al Baydha
5.5 see: rewilding in Scotland
5.6 +joe.brewer has interesting writing
5.7 Rewilding in Lanzarote (2021→)
5.8 Rewilding in Fuerteventura (2020 proposal)
5.9 "Desert greening"
5.11 "The Farm" (Disnovation/Baruch Gottlieb)
5.13 Biopesticide
5.14 Japanese forestry
5.15 [!!] TOREAD— Strong post
5.16 Declared biosphere reserves
5.17 NUMERICS— "Can We Terraform the Sahara to Stop Climate Change?"
5.18 [m!] Planting guides


natural-resources->:XXX:deserts natural-resources->solar natural-resources->essential-oils natural-resources->water natural-resources->postcats natural-resources->ecology natural-resources->renaturing natural-resources->canarias-nature natural-resources->materials-textile natural-resources->:XXX:specificity natural-resources->canarias natural-resources->resources natural-resources->nootropics natural-resources->eating-rocks natural-resources->fisculture natural-resources->:XXX:roles-washing natural-resources->fishing natural-resources->vaults natural-resources->food natural-resources->:CHT:ecology ecology->renaturing ecology->farming ecology->alike ecology->farming-notes ecology->antipest ecology->struggling ecology->intersub ecology->middlemachine ecology->climate ecology->lim0 ecology->real-hacks ecology-> ecology->doomsday ecology->XR ecology->hacc-index ecology->nuclear ecology->projects ecology->non-shitty ecology->numerics ecology->hacc-directory ecology->vegan renaturing->natural-resources renaturing->ecology renaturing->canarias-nature renaturing->land-attributes renaturing->:XXX:renaturing renaturing->ArcologyBuilders renaturing->wild-food renaturing->farming renaturing->hacking-geology canarias-nature->natural-resources canarias-nature->ecology canarias-nature->renaturing canarias-nature->canarias canarias-nature->fishing canarias-nature->farming canarias-nature->hacking-geology canarias-nature->lies-hypernature canarias-nature->antipest canarias-nature->eco-budgeting canarias-nature->lies-climatewhirl canarias-nature->bio-fashion canarias-nature->hacking-ecology canarias-nature->trees canarias-nature->bio-textiles canarias-nature->kranj-bio land-attributes->hacking-geology land-attributes->season4 land-attributes->alike land-attributes->hacking-housing-pad land-attributes->:CHT:/Landhunt/locations.ods land-attributes->metrics land-attributes->poster land-attributes->new-hackbase land-attributes->hackbase-type3 land-attributes->hackbase-type4 land-attributes->season7-B land-attributes->tech-tree ArcologyBuilders->alike ArcologyBuilders->architecture wild-food->natural-resources wild-food->essential-oils wild-food->food wild-food->medical wild-food->lies-hypernature wild-food->krnica wild-food->:XXX:hypertrip-s8 wild-food->chef farming->farming-notes hacking-geology->hacking-housing natural-resources natural-resources :XXX:deserts :XXX:deserts solar solar essential-oils essential-oils water water postcats postcats ecology ecology renaturing renaturing canarias-nature canarias-nature materials-textile materials-textile :XXX:specificity :XXX:specificity canarias canarias resources resources nootropics nootropics eating-rocks eating-rocks fisculture fisculture :XXX:roles-washing :XXX:roles-washing fishing fishing vaults vaults food food :CHT:ecology :CHT:ecology land-attributes land-attributes :XXX:renaturing :XXX:renaturing ArcologyBuilders ArcologyBuilders wild-food wild-food farming farming hacking-geology hacking-geology season4 season4 alike alike hacking-housing-pad hacking-housing-pad :CHT:/Landhunt/locations.ods :CHT:/Landhunt/locations.ods metrics metrics poster poster new-hackbase new-hackbase hackbase-type3 hackbase-type3 hackbase-type4 hackbase-type4 season7-B season7-B tech-tree tech-tree architecture architecture farming-notes farming-notes hacking-housing hacking-housing medical medical lies-hypernature lies-hypernature krnica krnica :XXX:hypertrip-s8 :XXX:hypertrip-s8 chef chef antipest antipest eco-budgeting eco-budgeting lies-climatewhirl lies-climatewhirl bio-fashion bio-fashion hacking-ecology hacking-ecology trees trees bio-textiles bio-textiles kranj-bio kranj-bio struggling struggling intersub intersub middlemachine middlemachine climate climate lim0 lim0 real-hacks real-hacks doomsday doomsday XR XR hacc-index hacc-index nuclear nuclear projects projects non-shitty non-shitty numerics numerics hacc-directory hacc-directory vegan vegan


[!!*] transclude previous materials (fragments)

[!?] testcase @ ElJ Shanti town?
... we discovered some grass (and rabbit poop) there!

[!] find local carpenter (ask for sawdust, for hugelkultur)


[!!*] start off with sea salad

[?] @jablito : plant in riverbed

costs : ???
do hugelkultur!

[!] create an aquifier

observe how #hydrology #hydrogeology works in rains
(go to the "abandoned valley" in big rains!)

or, set cameras !
or other sensors!

[!] do, document composting


[!] worms

how to get / transport them?

[!] map out : local contacts / excursions

[!] abandoned tree mapping + harvesting

(also ask people direct, via #communiques)

[!] guerilla gardening, seed bombing


[!] hugelkultur
"has been demonstrated to work in deserts as well as backyards"

"It is best to prepare the hugekultur bed several months before the planting season as it benefit from curing, but it can be used for planting immediately.[2]"

[!] greens growing inside supermarkets


* photos from germany

Algae farming
cody's lab prototype 1 :)

"Brownfields" & complex regeneration

[!!eff] 101/GARDENING/POTS— Replanting used vegetables/fruits

<----------------------- (new)+ TODOS / IDEAS / PROJECTS ↑


Collect cases & good practice examples
even uses +joedocs .......
india's water revolution
"biggest permaculture project on earth"
"How to green the world's deserts and reverse climate change | Allan Savory"
Greening the Desert
Nice 5min intro video into permaculture greening of saltified desert (swales, etc)
"How to Turn Sand into Soil with NO MONEY" 10min
Regreening the desert with John D. Liu | VPRO Documentary | 2012
offering design courses etc

<--------------------------- (new) RESOURCES



"""Desert greening is the process of man-made reclamation of deserts for ecological reasons (biodiversity), farming and forestry, but also for reclamation of natural water systems and other ecological systems that support life. """

Situation @ Canaries

* [...]

Desert Control

see "liquid clay method"

make the earth green again, by stopping and reversing desertification and soil degradation. With our unique product we want to turn degraded land and sand to fertile soil, and at the same time reduce the water usage for green ecosystems with up to 50 percent.


Hmmm, seems patented?

The cost of treatment per hectare of land is high- varying from US$ 1 800- 9 500 depending on the size of the project- making it unattainable for most farmers, however should solutions such as this be scaled to a commercial level, costs will eventually dip to affordable levels, allowing most farmers to reap its benefits.

* Hydroponics

    """... is the method of growing plants without soil, using a combination of water, a growing medium and nutrient solution. As a method of horticulture Hydroponics offers exceptional levels of control over the growing and although it might sound unusual, many of the foods we eat—including tomatoes on the vine—are grown hydroponically. Space scientists are particularly interested in hydroponics, because there’s no soil in space. If we want to grow food away from Earth, hydroponics may be the best way to do it."""

    (L:) Hanging Gardens

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and one of the fi rst recorded examples of water gardening. A wide range of vegetables, fl owers, and even tree crops are being grown hydroponically using primarily two nutrient solution delivery techniques, ebb-and-fl ow and drip irrigation. The only exceptions would be for herbs and lettuce, where the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) method is preferred; the raft system is also used by some lettuce growers 

    (L:) Micro Farms

Example →

* Drip irrigation


* Aritificial aquifiers


* Grazing

(but not over-grazing)

* Adding clay

    Bentonite Clay

There are two types of bentonite available - sodium bentonite and calcium bentonite. Both will do the job of holding moisture in soil, however we tend to recommend calcium bentonite as calcium adds beneficial things to the soil, sodium (salt) not so much.

    Kaolinite clay

This is a more common form of clay, and we use it in our mixes and sell it separately as "Cassies Clay".  Cassies Clay is also Certified Organic and has achieved approval under the Smart Watermark scheme/Waterwise endorsement.

    Bentonite Vs. Kaolinite

(...) in our opinion BOTH types work, and have their place. (...) One thing that does not seem do be in dispute is application rates.  If you see in gardening books that clay content of soil should be around 20 - 40% - this refers to kaolinite clays.  If you were to use bentonite at that ratio, you would end up with soil not unlike concrete! 

Bentonite should be incorporated at a ratio between 1 - 5%. We always suggest adding a smaller quantity initially then adding more if required.  Start at around 500gm - 1kg per square metre - incorporated into the top 200-300mm of soil. You will know when you have reached an adequate mixture in your own garden by observation and checking soil moisture regularly.  In our trials this is certainly sufficient to have effect.  Don't be tempted to over apply - people that have run into problems using bentonite have usually used too much.

Kaolinite clay needs to be added at somewhere between 5 - 15kgs per square metre (depending on other soil improvement practices). If you're incorporating compost or biochar - potentially less clay is required.  In more sandy soils; you'll need the higher end of the application spectrum.

Bentonite needs to be incorporated into soil when dry; once it's wet it tends to stick to itself. Kaolinite clay is easier to work into any soil, another reason why it is favoured by some.

Please note - adding clay of any kind will improve your soil's water holding ability.  But it WILL NOT stop soil from drying out.  (...) What it DOES, is make soil much easier to re-wet. If your soil is VERY dry you will need to add a lot of water to re-wet it. Remember clay holds up to six times the amount of water that sand does? (...)

    Liquid clay
a process to mix nano-particles of clay with water and bind them to sand particles to condition desert soil (...) "The treatment gives sand particles a clay coating which completely changes their physical properties and allows them to bind with water," he says. "This process doesn't involve any chemical agents. We can change any poor-quality sandy soils into high-yield agricultural land in just seven hours." 
Normal sand particles are very loose, which means that they have a very low water retention capacity.
But when you add Liquid Nanoclay to the sand it binds those sand particles together, says Kristian, which means it can hold water for longer, "increasing the possibility of agricultural yield".

* Soilization via CMC

An Eco-Mechanical Solution to Desertification →  modified sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution (containing 2% modified CMC and 5% compound fertilizer) 

Based on the granular constraint principle, the method used to implement sand “soilization” is simple. The added constraining material is modified CMC (a kind of plant cellulose), which can be used as food additives, is non-toxic, environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and suitable for mass production. A small amount (as little as 1%–5%, for example) of modified CMC added to water can produce a highly viscous paste. If mechanized preparation methods such as rotary cultivation are adopted, the work involved in planting in “soilized” sand will not be much greater than that for planting in arable land. From an economical perspective, be-cause the content of the constraining material is quite low and the preparation method is simple, the total cost for desert “soili-zation” is between 4500 and 6500 dollars per hectare depending on the planting requirements.

* Phytosociology / Phytocenology, Paleoecology


Kako se reče znanosti, ki bi se ukvarjala z originalnimi naravnimi lastnostmi terena?
Na nek način je to seveda geologija. Gre se predvsem za input podatke za re-naturing. Pogledaš nek teren, vidiš - tukaj je bil pred človekom tak in tak gozd.



[M!] #oldie cht research on "were there forests in lanzarote".


Tree cores of century-old oaks (Quercus crispula) were found in July 2001 on Kunashiri Island.[2]
Jacoby, G.; Solomina, O.; Frank, D.; Eremenko, N.; D'Arrigo, R. (2004). "Kunashir (Kuriles) Oak 400-year reconstruction of temperature and relation to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 209 (1–4): 303–311. Bibcode:2004PPP...209..303J. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.015.
Paleoecology (also spelled palaeoecology) is the study of interactions between organisms and/or interactions between organisms and their environments across geologic timescales. As a discipline, paleoecology interacts with, depends on and informs a variety of fields including paleontology, ecology, climatology and biology. 

  • Community paleoecology uses statistical analysis to examine the composition and distribution of groups of plants or animals. By quantifying how plants or animals are associated, community paleoecologists are able to investigate the structures of ancient communities of organisms. Advances in technology have helped propel the field, through the use of physical models and computer-based analysis.


#reread [!!*]
Historical ecology is a research program that focuses on the interactions between humans and their environment over long-term periods of time, typically over the course of centuries.[1] In order to carry out this work, historical ecologists synthesize long-series data collected by practitioners in diverse fields.[2] Rather than concentrating on one specific event, historical ecology aims to study and understand this interaction across both time and space in order to gain a full understanding of its cumulative effects. Through this interplay, humans adapt to and shape the environment, continuously contributing to landscape transformation. Historical ecologists recognize that humans have had world-wide influences, impact landscape in dissimilar ways which increase or decrease species diversity, and that a holistic perspective is critical to be able to understand that system.[3]
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology ("Palaeo3") is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing multidisciplinary studies and comprehensive reviews in the field of palaeoenvironmental geology. The journal is edited by T. J. Algeo, H. Falcon-Lang, P. Hesse, I. Montanez, J. Pike and S. Xie. It was established in 1965 and is currently published by Elsevier. 
Palynology is literally the "study of dust" (from Greek: παλύνω, translit. palynō, "strew, sprinkle" and -logy) or of "particles that are strewn". A classic palynologist analyses particulate samples collected from the air, from water, or from deposits including sediments of any age. The condition and identification of those particles, organic and inorganic, give the palynologist clues to the life, environment, and energetic conditions that produced them. 
Paleolimnology (from Greek: παλαιός, palaios, "ancient", λίμνη, limne, "lake", and λόγος, logos, "study") is a scientific sub-discipline closely related to both limnology and paleoecology. Paleolimnological studies focus on reconstructing the past environments of inland waters (e.g., lakes and streams) using the geologic record, especially with regard to events such as climatic change, eutrophication, acidification, and internal ontogenic processes. 
Paleolimnological studies are mostly conducted using analyses of the physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties of sediments, or of biological records such as fossil pollen, diatoms, or chironomids. 

* Renaturing using herd animals #goats

[M!] Oldie CHT project !
[!] find the TED talk about it

* Microcontrollers, "autofarming", etc

(named obviously recycled from some ancient green+arduino project)


<--------------------- (new) TOPICS & METHODS ↑

*** PAD

[!!] MERGE/RAW— 20200926 <burns #permaculture

reponses to:
    Hey what should we plant that is fast growing and likes sand and heat

    I have to look it up in agroforestry
    and ask a fried from purtugal to give a professional answer, give me some time
    !!! >burns

But anyway
we will need some compost for the crops in the beginning:
    (can be a stationary compost box eg 1x1m,
    or redwormcompost boxes made out of used buckets,
    like cleaned frying oil or yoghurt buckets from restaurants eg)
[!] To start that I can bring or send compost worms, which I farm :)

Blackberries e.g. Grow fast on places where was water before:
    The pro of them is, that they are eatable,
    the con is the grow invasive and they are spiky :grimacing:
Pepper, chili, ocra will like the hot wheather conditions when we managed to build humus :blush:
i looked up that pine, olive and date trees like the conditions there :wink:
there seems to bee reforestation projects in fuerte ventura, maybe we can team up with them in some regards or at least get some crops from them for the beginning ;)?
this are definitly things we need for a type-3 hackbase :)
aja, all kinds of succulents will grow perfect in that conditions for sure! e.g. Aloe Vera woud be nice :D

    * how do you establish if hummus is already built?:
        how do you do soil evaluation?
        are there any (technical) processes we could learn and adopt?
    * [...]

[!!] #tomerge

find old stuff via keywords:


    * fast growing
    * loves heat
    * little water, but can irrigate
    * sand/clay(?) ground
    * maybe a bit of salt in earth?
    * doesn't need a lot of attending?
    * "10 year outcomes":
        can perhaps keep surviving on its own?
        improves the soil?
    * [...]

see: agroforestry / desert regeneration in Al Baydha

The Story of Al Baydha:  A Regenerative Agriculture in the Saudi Desert.  قصة مشروع البيضاء

see: rewilding in Scotland

Restoring the ancient Caledonian Forest Alan Watson Featherstone TEDxFindhorn

+joe.brewer has interesting writing
#greening #rewilding

Rewilding in Fuerteventura (2020 proposal)


Andrew Paul Booth
Here Question / Proposal I sent to Town Hall on June 4: I wanted to know if the Cohombrillo Finca - the grounds between the Cohombrette and the road that goes to Lajares - is municipal soil, in order to end, if the answer is yes , to propose a project for the rehabilitation of gags and other areas for re-vegetation with indigenous plants in a permaculture regime (1), possibly creating a botanical garden that would be part of the tourism offer (2) in the north of the island and it can also be scientific and educational station, all based on the design and execution of field work (3) and installation of a sewage treatment station by fitodepuration (4), and its later distribution by controlled irrigation systems.
(1). Permaculture is a holistic system that seeks to restore harm done to natural systems while managing resources sustainably for the mutual benefit of human species and nature... Earth care means caring for living and non-living things: soils, species and their varieties, atmosphere, forests, microhabitats, animals and water, which involves harmless and rehabilitative activities, active conservation and ethical use of resources. All actions need to ensure that ecosystems are substantially intact and able to function healthy. -
(2). We plan to promote the project on social networks, inviting interested individuals and entities to participate in and make donations to the project's fan club, thus generating advertising and revenue. The project would also need technical and funding support from local and potentially community and international institutions.
(3). Using environment and landscape friendly materials and methods. Collaborate with the nursery of the Biological Station of La Oliva, the Cabildo and the Biosphere Reserve.
(4). Watch: We understand that between neighborhood production and sewage tourism for purification and further use are not missing in the municipality.
Shout out. Andrew Paul Booth. Project Finca Cohombillo 2020, Lajares.

linked nearby:
    * #permaculture (ESP)
    * ###

"Desert greening"

oldie but again <kliment 20210903 on FHB

ooh nice! any other weird plants proposed i could grow fast in a sandy desert with almost no water?


this should be considered, at least

* this is the point of "third nature"
* ... of Manrique

but not how >pau understands it ???


Aphids feed on soft stems, branches, buds and fruit, preferring tender new growth over tougher established foliage. They pierce the stems and suck the nutrient-rich sap from the plant, leaving behind curled or yellowed leaves, deformed flowers, or damaged fruit. Most aphids feed on a wide variety of plants, although some species are specific to certain types of plants. 
Aphids don’t like to dine alone, and can usually be found feeding in large groups. Depending on the level of infestation, they can cause serious injury to individual plants or even entire crops. Aphids produce multiple generations in one year and infestations can quickly get out of hand. Treating them early, before they have a chance to reproduce, can make a huge difference in gaining aphid control. Aphids frequently carry viruses and can spread them from one plant to another, often proving fatal to crops like citrus, potatoes and grains. 
Aphids secrete a sticky substance called honeydew that attracts ants, so following a trail of ants into a plant can often lead to a discovery of an aphid infestation. Ants are known to protect aphids from natural predators and even herd them into tight colonies so they can harvest the honeydew easier. Honeydew also creates a favorable environment for sooty mold to grow and spread. 
Most species of aphids overwinter as eggs and hatch in the spring; however, in warmer climates, they can be an almost year-round problem.

* Remove by hand:
    Put on some garden gloves and knock them off of stems, leaves, flower buds, or wherever you see them, and into a bucket of soapy water to kill them. You can also cut or prune off the affected areas and drop them into the bucket.

* Soap and water:
    Make a homemade aphid spray by mixing a few tablespoons of a pure liquid soap (such as castile) in a small bucket of water. (Avoid using detergents or products with degreasers or moisturizers.) Apply with a spray bottle directly on aphids and the affected parts of the plant, making sure to soak the undersides of leaves where eggs and larvae like to hide. The soap dissolves the protective outer layer of aphids and other soft-bodied insects, eventually killing them. It doesn’t harm birds or hard-bodied beneficial insects like lacewings, ladybugs or pollinating bees. You can also purchase ready-to-use insecticidal soaps online or at a local nursery.

* Neem oil:
    The organic compounds in neem oil act as a repellent for aphids and other insects, including mealy bugs, cabbage worms, beetles, leafminers, ants and various types of caterpillars. However, it may repel beneficial insects, so use caution when and where they are present. Follow package instructions for diluting the oil in water or use a ready-to-use neem oil spray, and spray the affected areas. Neem oil is also good for controlling different types of fungus.

* Essential oils:
    Create your own spray mixture with essential oils. Use 4 to 5 drops of each: peppermint, clove, rosemary and thyme, and mix with water in a small spray bottle. Spray on affected plants to target adult aphids, as well as aphid larvae and eggs.


(aphids/"spider mites" on palm trees)

Declared biosphere reserves


EU / Natura2000


NUMERICS— "Can We Terraform the Sahara to Stop Climate Change?"

#renaturing #numerics
foresting sahara + australia :)
* +100% trees would only bring emissions to 1970s levels ?!
* 4kwh per 1000L of water delivery (to average height, 450m)
* 5000 million km3 → 20.000 TWh / year ... 2
* ... would capture 10.6 gtc per year
* ... 184$ per per tco2 captured
* problem is albedo:
    * forests absorb radiation, counter to desert!
    * ... however clouds that would form, would increase it!