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(Collaborative notes)

23-27 November 2017 @ La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
Web: | Twitter: @tfcolaborativa

Notes contributed by:
    David (, Ryan, Ricardo, Lies, ...

Join the note-taking: [...]!

Collaborative conference map:
    La Laguna, Tenerife (.kmz, .gpx, EDIT)

Map of Participants
Lies van den Eijnden->NGO Lies van den Eijnden->transition Lies van den Eijnden->community Lies van den Eijnden->city David Potocnik->transition David Potocnik->research David Potocnik->hacking David Potocnik->space David Potocnik->commons David Potocnik->data Ryan Gourley->transition Ryan Gourley->biz Tom Llewellyn->NGO Tom Llewellyn->transition Tom Llewellyn->community Tom Llewellyn->city Bruno Carballa->research Bruno Carballa->commons Bruno Carballa->data Bruno Carballa->governance Leina Mestrevic->community Leina Mestrevic->commons Leina Mestrevic->orga Leina Mestrevic->p2p Juho Makkonen->transition Juho Makkonen->commons Juho Makkonen->biz Juho Makkonen->platform Michel Bauwens->transition Michel Bauwens->city Michel Bauwens->research Michel Bauwens->commons Michel Bauwens->p2p Javi Aparicio->governance Javi Aparicio->p2p Simone Cicero->biz Simone Cicero->platform Trebor Scholz->transition Trebor Scholz->research Trebor Scholz->platform Trebor Scholz->precarity Sarah De Heusch->space Sarah De Heusch->biz Sarah De Heusch->platform Sarah De Heusch->precarity David Gómez->NGO David Gómez->community David Gómez->hacking Francisco Jurado->research Francisco Jurado->governance Francisco Jurado->platform Mònica Garriga Miret->NGO Mònica Garriga Miret->community Mònica Garriga Miret->city Mònica Garriga Miret->governance Mònica Garriga Miret->platform Alejandra De Diego Baciero->NGO Alejandra De Diego Baciero->community Alejandra De Diego Baciero->space Mara Balestrini->NGO Mara Balestrini->city Mara Balestrini->hacking Mara Balestrini->data Mara Balestrini->sensors Pablo & Pedro->transition Pablo & Pedro->community Pablo & Pedro->city Pablo & Pedro->commons Pablo & Pedro->biz Pablo & Pedro->orga Pablo & Pedro->platform Lies van den Eijnden Lies van den Eijnden NGO NGO transition transition community community city city David Potocnik David Potocnik research research hacking hacking space space commons commons data data Ryan Gourley Ryan Gourley biz biz Tom Llewellyn Tom Llewellyn Bruno Carballa Bruno Carballa governance governance Leina Mestrevic Leina Mestrevic orga orga p2p p2p Juho Makkonen Juho Makkonen platform platform Michel Bauwens Michel Bauwens Javi Aparicio Javi Aparicio Simone Cicero Simone Cicero Trebor Scholz Trebor Scholz precarity precarity Sarah De Heusch Sarah De Heusch David Gómez David Gómez Francisco Jurado Francisco Jurado Mònica Garriga Miret Mònica Garriga Miret Alejandra De Diego Baciero Alejandra De Diego Baciero Mara Balestrini Mara Balestrini sensors sensors Pablo & Pedro Pablo & Pedro

*** DAY 1

10:00 | Sarah de Heusch: New Forms of cooperativism, SMART cooperative (Belgium/EU)

Bio from conference site:
    Project officer for the Development & Strategy Unit at Smart - Société Mutuelle pour artistes

My job mainly consists in developing partnerships with other organizations (networks, NGOs, research centers,...) on topics that are relevant to Smart.

I am brought to connect people and structures, organize seminars, elaborate project proposals, advocate, write articles, make presentations and stimulate debates.

Along the years I have developed expertise in the creative field, atypical employment, social protection and social economy.

Overview of SMart - cooperative organization to support autonomous workers. Originally developed for artists. International, based in Europe. Two main offerings: 
1) SMart Contract
2) SMart Activity management tool

Economic model: management cost = 6.5% of fee for contracts and activities; as a non-profit, margins are put back into the organization allowing them to expand their operations.


    (In Spanish, by Ricardo)

Servicio a autónomos para mejorar su empleo, desarrollar su empresa, mejorar su calidad de vida, etc.. 

·      Entrenamiento
·      Asesoramiento
·      Espacios
·      Eventos 
·      Apoyo económico  
·      Contratos

Modelo Cooperativo:
·      Personas ante del beneficio 
·      Colaboración con cooperativas 
·      Otros..

11:15 | Juho Makkonen: Sharetribe, a digital commons for building platform cooperatives

"platform cooperative model is a huge innovation in itself"
you might stay at utopia level, if you don't "start super small, super concrete"

try making the work of existing user groups, professions ... more efficient 

don't plan - do!
what's the smallest 

build a minimum viable platform!

"don't fundraise, bootstrap!"

case study: studio rental!

"don't scale, replicate!"
create local editions, that others can pick up
don't try to build a general "coop uber"

(concrete steps to build)
* pick a real problem


* conduct interviews. focus on the problem, don't talk about your idea!

* start building supply
you need an initial group of offers, before you will try to get customers

* start building an audience, a brand
building blocks:
    * landing page
    * mailing list
    * blog

"do things that don't scale"

what do all platforms have in common?
a look at the very similar architecture of these systems:
    * UI
    * backend (auth, search, geolocation, media, availability, pricing, booking, payments, messaging, notifications, ...)
    * administration console (analytics, ...)
"you spend 5-10% of normal development", only needing to customize the UI


be patient! hang on there!
"airbnb started working after 3 years!"

but it will be worth it!
we need to do it, we need a new economy.


question: bitcoin?
I don't recommend it

question: (?)
sharetribe is a "matchmaking tool" - it matches supply and demand.

question: what motivates the small founders of these local platforms?

(question in Spanish)

question in Spanish: how can I do it in a small village of 1000 people?

question by Leina: ??
infrastructure dependencies:
    * we are using the big payment processors
    * we're hosted on amazon, as there's no easy collaborative alternative
yes, this should change

    (additional by Ryan)

Bio from conference site:

Juho Makkonen is the CEO & Co-Founder of a Finnish startup called Sharetribe and Helsinki connector of OuiShare.
Sharetribe makes it easy for anyone to create their own peer-to-peer marketplace in the spirit of Airbnb, Relayrides or Yerdle.
In these marketplaces people can sell, rent and share goods, skills and spaces with each other.
The purpose of Sharetribe is to democratize platform ownership by making it easy for anyone to build and run their own marketplace.

Dos and Donts of Building a Platform Cooperative

- DON’T try to do all the things (ie, don’t worry about incorporating AI, ML, Blockchain, IoT, etc.) -- platform cooperativism is innovation enough on its own!
- DON’T plan - DO! (ala Steve Blank: get out the building and talk to your customers; build your MVP)

Cf this article:
And the book:

Two possible scenarios: 
1) create large platform co-ops that rival the major players (ie, Uber, Lyft, Airbnb, TaskRabbit, etc.)
2) Satellite coops that are comprised of participants on the major for-profit platforms (ie, worker cooperatives for Uber and Lyft drivers; Airbnb hosts; TaskRabbit workers)

    (In Spanish, by Ricardo)

Plataformas para vender productos u ofrecer servicios

Replicar las plataformas existentes 

Pasos para lanzar una plataforma 

1) Seleccionar a problema para resolver 

Todos te apoyan pero no todos usarán la plataforma
Escribir las suposiciones 
·      Clientes problemas
·      Proveedores problemas
·      ¿Cómo resolver los problemas hoy? Como obtienen clientes?
·      ¿Por qué es mi idea mejor?
·      Business model (fee, sponsors, etc.)
·      Entrevistas de comportamiento (focalizar en el problema y no en nuestra solución)

2) Focalizar en una ciudad y en grupo pequeño 

3) Comenzar construyendo suministros 

4) Construir tu audiencia (marketing)

Landing page (página de destino), Mailing list, Blog, Social media)

5) Establecer una plataforma mínimamente viable 

Do things that don't scale 

6) Interactuar 

12:30 | Lies van den Eijnden -

She shows a lot of platforms!!

visualized these initiatives in different sectors!
#TODO: img

Started from research that "84% people in Amsterdam are willing to share"

Amsterdam sharing city!

Strategies of city engagement:
"Don't ban/authorize - monitor and seize opportunities"

In Amsterdam, Airbnb hosting limited to 60 days!

Movie about Amsterdam sharing economy:

Different roles city governance takes!

Sharing cities alliance:
    a "city to city network"
    launched at SHARE summit by reps by 22 cities
    "a city is stronger if it works together with other cities", for example negotiating with big platform players
    already covers 84 million citizens!

q: what makes Amsterdam have this sharing mentality?

q (Pablo):
    it would be ideal if cities would not just share information
    but do things together! so costs are not duplicated!


14:00 | (Lunch)

15:30 | Michel Bauwens: The City-Based Commons Transition in Ghent: "How would a commons-centric society look like?"

"commons were the primary economic model"

in Galica, 1/3 of the land is in the commons
these models still exist ... they're just not in the consciousness

"what kind of market works with the commons?"

The current form of platform capitalism is capturing the surface value of the platform 

* knowledge commons
extractive model! ("capturing" / "captivating")

* urban commons
"not about making houses"
Ghent: "50 in 2006, 500 in 2016"

"based on participation, not contribution"

the historic case of Ghent
"not an average city, has a tradition of Autonomy"


1) "every provisionment system that humanity needs right now, is covered by the commons"
example of housing:
    * community land trust:
    * housing co-op (building)
    * cohousing (mutualising the in-house service) ... "probably >30 in Ghent"

2) "structure of the urban commons economy is the same as the one of open source/digital communities"
"they don't command, but make [organisation] possible"
= infrastructure


Found 500 urban commons projects in various sectors in Ghent

commons & state

"markets are not doing it, state is not doing it"
commons initiatives, are. so they deserve support!

(partner city slide)
"in France there's very advanced assemblies of the commons"
creating links, advanced accounting system, etc
example: Lille

commons and jobs
Ghent serves 5 million school meals a year
"zero income in Ghent, zero healthy food for children"
-> revive local farming, employ cooks, ...
Same price!

recognize externalities! eliminate intermediaries!
(leakage analysis)!
"no capturing of value in between"

organize around Anchor institutions (schools, hospitals, ...)
cities (like Barcelona) can enforce standards on the suppliers!
"you keep 3x more money in the region this way" ("triple velocity of money")

"organic farmers don't pollute the water ... then you save on water management costs"
eliminate negative externalities! breed virtuous cycles!

q: democratic governance going wrong? like in bitcoin?

3 visions:
1) google, fb, ...
2) micro-capitalist vision
3) citizen commons

positive examples of anti-capture:
    Guerrilla Translation model (15% of market jobs value on the brand is re-distributed to all)
    virtual shares of corporation X based on contribution (two accounting systems; every few years, they're re-balanced)

q (Pablo): what are open cooperatives?

It's a question of raising capital.
"I'd create a coalition of ??"

two issues of traditional coops:
    1) distance between management and members
    2) coops competing against each other! reproduces capitalist patterns as "worker capitalism"
we need open co-ops!

    "if we're all selfish it will create wealth for everyone didn't prove itself in the last 400 years"

"the only way to survive in times of weakening states, is new support systems"

The thing it is about contributions – as a society we need to decide which values we recognize as a contribution to our society.
Open access is not the same as the commons. The commons need protection.
1.        We need a city lab 
This is how the government is already involved with commons. They cannot exist – if it is not respected by the public agencies
Create a narrative
Everybody is doing things but they don’t know what is going on (connect those people in a lab); the importance of a city lab, to connect people and commons initiatives.
We need rules for everything – this is a problem that needs to be solved with the city government
2.        The commons accord – it is an accord between the city government and the commons.
This is what public authorities should be doing.
‘The commons is bringing back life in cities.’ 
3.        The need of a supportive city government. 
So you need a commons accord, city lab and support by the city government

q (Francisco): ?

"95% can be solved if you only look at legal interpretation"
we have to recreate commons law, which has been obliterated by Napoleonic law

q (David):
    I liked your explication of externality or leakage analysis, in partner city of Ghent.
    I found a new concept of, did I understand correctly, anchor institutions (schools, hospitals) as drivers of re-orientating value flows.
    This strategy of re-introducing commons economic practices, seems very, let's say, common sense.
    It has clear local interest, and could mobilize a powerful coalition of both local public and private interests.
    Can you say something more about this strategy, maybe some cases, and some potential limits.
    What needs to happen for this to go into full force? I'm thinking perhaps common development of charters, and transplantation into localities.

q ?:
    "value is not just market value"
    people often delimit their cooperatives

    (additional by Ryan)

Bio from conference site:
Michel Bauwens is the founder and director of the P2P Foundation and works in collaboration with a global group of researchers in the exploration of peer production, governance, and property.
Bauwens travels extensively giving workshops and lectures on P2P and the Commons as emerging paradigms and the opportunities they present to move towards a post-capitalist world. Michel is also research director of a platform for policy development aimed at a society of the Commons and a founding member of the Commons Strategies Group, with Silke Helfrich and David Bollier, who have organized major global conferences on the commons and economics.
Three recent books, among which (with Vasilis Kostakis), 'Network Society and Future Scenarios for a Collaborative Economy' have been published in English, Dutch and French.
Michel currently lives in Chiang Mai, Thailand and is currently finalizing a Commons Transition Plan for the city of Ghent in Belgium.

The place of the Commons in Human Evolution:
  1. One of four modes of exchange: Communal Shareholding, Equal Matching, Authority Ranking, Market Pricing (Alan Page Fiske)
  2. Historical modes of dominance (Kojin Karatini)
  3. Different commons for different periods: natural commons / social commons / knowledge commons / urban commons / material production commons
  4. Peer production today

Institutional Design for Commons-Market Cooperation:
  1. Internal ‘Value Sovereignity’ within the open productive community: open and contributive accounting practices (open bank financing)
  2. Reciprocity-licensing and shared supply chains within the generative entre-donneurial coalition
  3. Multi-stakeholder governance in infrastructural for-benefit associations
  4. Transvestment Strategies are Vital

16:30 | Trebor Scholz - Platform.Coop

See !


2/3 are quite unhappy about freelancing

we need to build a fairer future of work which we need and deserve!

raise of hands:
    academia <-- vast majority
    (for profit??)
    policy makers?

    post-ww2 relatively good time (esp if you're white)
    1989 socialist republics imploded
    1995 WWW a household name
    2005 as a tech for mediating labour (Amazon Mechanical Turk)

quickly this was pulled into Silicon Valley
values is extracted and transported to USA
"they moved in like 4D objects in 3D space ... when regulators make moves, they're already in a different place"
they appropriate counter-culture ideology (marketing camouflage co-option of discourses: love, intimacy, etc)

all the basics!:

inequality has spiked, super-managers with astronomical salaries
90% have fewer and fewer life opportunities
"3 rich guys own more than poorest 50% of USA"

    * opiod crisis ... 650k dead in 2015 (??)
    * activism
    * building alternatives

neofeudalism! new serfdom culture emerged!

"what I'm presenting is not a panacea ... we need an alliance of strategies!"

platform cooperativism


how much is captured?
20-50% uber (depends on city)
30% taskrabbit
vs, 5% coop (up & go)

they do not just replicate - they create distinct technologies!
(respect, anti-discrimination, anti-harassment ...)

"it's a renaissance"

Exposes book:
    Gorz: Strategy for labor

q (Michel): last year from conf, learned unions funding platform coops. what's new?

q (Pablo): is there an effort to connect coops, to have a consistent alternative to the current economic system?

q (Juha): how to help people that want to start a platform coop?
I'm building a development toolkit!

q (Michel): we need open source repositories. in order to fund them, we should have coalition of cities. but we need to have an underlining mutualized layer. proposes "protocol cooperativism."
-- proposes "scaling through replication" (Michel disagrees)

q: why is there no more co-ops? can you propose a reference guide to guide them?
it seems they're not competing with corporations anymore.

18:00 | Pablo Fernández del Castillo & Pedro Martín Palmero: RCCP cooperative

3 years ago I met Juho (Sharetribe)

create platforms to cover different sectors of the economy
to build an eco system
this could be a response for all the economic sectors

but we need users.

with a complementary currency, people could establish links between each other

role of connectors, which can "translate the knowledge to the rest of the community"

12 topics on one site

"canarias en verde"


platforms to share:
    * for artists
    * spaces
    * care
    * between neighbours
    * complementary currencies platforom
    * [...]
//talk about platforms ... but what do they do?//


we have to contribute! trade syndicates used to have a quota.
but also we have to recover the purpose to incentivise us for this.

*** DAY 2

10:00 | Monica Garriga Miret (Decidim)


"everybody should be able to participate with the same conditions"

27.000 participants

used by town many town councils

started in Barcelona, in February 2016

10k proposals -> 1.5k actions

1/month meetings
videos are on youtube

administration of the platform

collaborative design of functionalities

they are developing user pages
(show action history, relations, etc)

initiatives can use different components:
    proposals, meetings, debates, budgets, surveys, ...

q (Pablo): could Decidim be used at super-municipal level?
coops could use it, citizens within organisations, ...

q (David):
    about security & responsible vulnerability disclosure:
    about security failure

11:15 | David Gomez - La Comunificadora

At the intersection between the cooperative platform and the commons: The experience of La Comunificadora, a momentum program for collaborative economy projects of the commons.


12:30 | Tom Llevellyn (Shareable)
Sharing Cities: Activating the Urban Commons. Experiences and potential applications to the Canary Islands.

1967. Story to prevent (a water company) getting rid of the town!
One guy publishes newspaper ad, calling for 60k$ in cash to save land in common together.

"a place for sustainable living in California"

"non-profit media outlet that empowers people to share for a more resilient, equitable and joyful world"

urban commons, knowledge commons, governance models, ...

mapjam 3.0
"in >100 cities people created maps"

"this led to 50 sharefest's in last 3 years"

the rise of sharing cities


cataloging the urban commons.
core infrastructure needs.
"we look at this as a first edition"
"a challenge is to ask what we missed"

(proposes not to take notes, as the slides PDF will be released!)

public commons partnership!
(City of London matching contributions by individuals)

q (David): how did you do editorial? and, two practices of knowledge commons:
    1) true open/direct collaborative (like p2pfoundation wiki!)
    2) editorial, "asking out of center" collaborative, with a danger of being a "committee"
-- the book as a physical-limited media can only be #2. an extensive collaborative process was practised to gain as much open participation as possible. book will be reformed as a digital edition (#1) in the future


15:30 | Alejandra de Viego (Medialab Prado)


16:30 | Bruno Carballa - Data as a commons


17:30 | Mara Balestrini

smart cities

about managing scarcity!

contributive cities:
    work with Bristol
    "citizen sensoring programs" to reflect problems of the city

(the method slide)

    (published under "open commons" license)
    identify urban problems which people feel affect them

    Bristol, 14 months
    turns out, people had problems with damp! that's unhealthy.

making sense

example: plaza del sol barcelona:
    neighbours demand something to be done, because of "sound levels"
    25 sensors (created in a makerspace) are used, sending data online
    people started feeling more empowered!
    secondary research showed the square's architecture made the problem worse!

"making sense" open toolkit
sensor replicability.

triem: ethics crowdsourcing

18:30 | Francisco Jurado



you cannot evade being represented!
even if you don't vote!


politicians have social media profiles. but you can't really contact them.

in "democracy 4.0" you would choose if you want to be represented.

"people coincide with the objective representation of an idea"
it would be better to choose people
head of the list comes in the media, then people vote based on that

authorisation, or consultation?
"in Madrid there is an informal commitment with Socialist party to respect Decide"

"votes down jointly by representatives and represented"
a complete action from beginning, to the end of the process
... these ideas need a legal framework



*** DAY 3

Masterclass (with Simone Cicero)...


RCCP roundcircle !!

place for copy-paste of your notes: [...]


    * What's next?
    * Where's the community? / WHy wasn't it picked up?
    * [...]

. (Juho) sharetribe platform presentation

. (Bruno) why is there no real community response?
    (Pablo) we did a lot of things
    OK, Document exactly who you contacted, how, status
    Open these case studies, etc. Share the documents

. have clear KPIs ! what would constitute success?

. (d) stay ACME, keep doing everything

. (d) eat yr dog food next year! engage by offering (Not with a "stone")
    == spend budget via own platform
    measure success (or failure) to achieve this as KPI
    ("idea from back as ouishare 2013...")
    also see: ?openbudget

. (Bruno) accounting needs and wants is important ...
    but (d) should also be universally obvious, as people LIVE (SUBSIST) here
    aim and execute as "the new default", to replace all non-cooperative market
, segment shares of economy (%) for is important for prioretization.
    Systematic identity first ones:
        tourism 30%
        construction 20%
        agriculture 6%
        !!!: re-check

. (D) is there a systematic of existing canarian initiatives?
    (Trebor) we made it (!!!:link)

. (Pablo+Pedro) existing coop successes and agreements:
    music coop
    care coop
    14(?) "dynamisers" from cabildo on conf

. (Alejandra) what is the state of the economy

. (d) "semaphore" / "status check" / "segment development per segment"
    for any locality
    >Trebor ??
    >David: similar to tech tree??

. (D) (community) is there a Facebook group for tenerife?
    And for each island?
    Sanity check: CHT, Basford, students, ...

. (d) sharetribe is a marketplace. Maybe that's not the right model
    Like: food (where may be better, for example, a centralized distribution of weekly "box")

. (D) Future purpose / roll / form:
    Take a trans canarian role?
    (Pedro) one option is to be an integral cooperative
    >pedro : the othrs?

. (Trebor) don't call it a conference
    Don't (over)associate with academia
    (Pedro) budget is from there

. (Pablo) there is a ngo street! they all live from cabildo

*** DAY 4

STONE SOUP @ La Estacion

*** DAY 5


*** (General comments & Notes)


* Bad translation sound coverage, had a very loud hiss.
You could also hear it without wearing earphones.
It was improved later, as levels had been raised.

* People's slides were way too small.
Prepare a document with some genera

* Questions in Spanish to English speakers, should be 
(So we don't need to try to find the earsets in pa

* Invite the locals:
    * co-curate a list of who has been previously, and who should be there?
    * especially obvious was lack of public governme
    * business people 
Were invitations sent?

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